行人踩踏楼梯踏步位置的人体工学调查与分析

吉林建筑大学 土木工程学院,长春 130118

踩踏踏面位置,人体工学,楼梯优化设计

Investigation and analysis on the ergonomics of pedestrian stepping on the stairs
JIN Yi-cheng,MENG Fan-lin

School of civil engineering,Jilin Jianzhu unvercity,Changchun 130118

stepping position on the stairs,ergonomics,stairs optimization design

备注

本文为将楼梯踏面和踢面交汇处的阴角位置做成坡角,使楼梯段厚度保持不变的前提下,可减少材料用量.同时通过对行人上下楼梯时踩踏的位置进行测量调查,运用数理统计的方法对数据进行分析,从人体工程学的角度研究行人踩踏楼梯踏面位置的分布规律,得出距踢面20mm处为最佳坡角区域,为楼梯的优化设计提供了参考.

This paper aims to reduce the amount of materials by making a slope foot at the intersection of the stair tread and kick surface so as to keep the thickness of the staircase unchanged.By surveying the position of pedestrians when they were going on and off the stairs,using mathematical statistics to ananlyze the date,studied on the distribution of pedestrian stepping stairs from the perspective of ergonomics.It is concluded that 20 mm from the riser is the best slope angle area,which provided a reference for the optimal design of stairs.